- Fascinated by the 18th century, Comte Moïse of Camondo built a mansion in the style of the Petit Trianon in Versailles.His aim was to recreate an eighteen-century artistic residence.
- The mansion houses a beautiful collection of french decorative art from the second half of the eighteen century.
- The museum is located a few steps from Parc Monceau.
- He entrusted the construction of his mansion to the architect René Sergent (1865-1927).
- The mansion was built between 1911 and 1914.
- Today, the house is maintained in its original condition so that you can have a perfect picture of what it was like to manage and live in a private mansion at this time.
- The modernity of the private house is impressing for the time of the construction. It was fully equipped, functional and comfortable ( heating system with warm, filtered air, compressed air elevators…).
- The mansion houses some of the finest furniture and items from the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI.
- You can admire the creations of cabinetmakers and carpenters that belonged to the Royal furniture repository such as Oeben, Riesener and Jacob.
- You will discover the carpets from the Savonnery factory commissioned for the Louvre’s grande galerie.
- The collection also displays pieces of the Orloff silver service ordered by Catherine II of Russia, porcelain services of the Sèvres factory and portraits by Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun.
The Camondo family
- Moïse de Camondo was born in Istanbul into a Sephardic Jewish family.
- The Camondo family owned a bank that became one of the largest banks in the Ottoman Empire.
- In 1867, the family was ennobled by Victor Emmanuel II.
- The Camondo brothers Abraham-Behor and Nissim settled in Paris at the end of the Second Empire, in two mansions on rue de Monceau.
- The two cousins of the next generation, Abraham-Behor’s son Isaac and Nissim’s son Moïse, became ingenious collectors.
- Moise was passionate about the french art of the 18th century and needed a home that suited his tastes to house his collection of french furniture and artwork. As a consequence he rebuilt the family mansion with the help of the architect René Sergent.
- He married Irène Cahen d’Anvers in 1891 and they separated in August 1897.
- They got two children: Nissim and Beatrice who lived with him after the departure of Irène Cahen d’Anvers.
- The first world war breaks out as the hotel has just been completed.
- Nissim, became an airman and died for France in aerial combat in 1917.
- After the tragic disappearance of his son, Moïse bequeathed his legacy to the French State in memory of Nissim and devoted himself to his collection until his death.
- During the second world war, the daughter of Moses, Beatrice, her husband Léon Reinach, and their children Fanny and Bertrand disappeared in the Nazi camps.
Opéra Garnier : Place de l’opéra, 9th arrondissement, Paris, France.
- In 1858, Felice Orsini, an Italian revolutionary tried to assassinate Napoleon III.
- The imperial couple ( the emperor Napoleon III and the empress Eugénie) escaped the bombing attack in front of the Opera Le Pelletier.
- The bomb caused terrible damage among the crowd.
- Napoleon III, decided the next day the construction of a new building. He wanted the new opera to embody the magnificence of the empire and to meet the luxurious pleasures of the imperial court.
- An international competition was launched to designate the architect.
- In 1861, the project of the young architect Charles Garnier was selected among 171 proposals.
- Charles Garnier was then only 35 years old !
- The baron Haussmann was prefect of Paris and was chosen by Napoleon III to carry out a massive urban renewal program in the capital.
- The construction of the new building began in 1867 out of sight behind tall fences.
- In 1867, the main facade was unveiled. The empress Eugénie exclaimed: “What sort of style is that? this is neither Greek, nor Louis XIV or Louis XVI!” to which Charles Garnier responded: “this is Napoleon III”.
- The construction was interrupted by the war of 1870 and the fall of the second empire.
- The inauguration of the building took place on January 5, 1875 in the presence of the President of the Republic, Mac-Mahon.
- Napoleon III, who died two years ago, will not see the building he ordered.
Did you know?
- Marc Chagall’s superb ceiling above the stage and auditorium features famous opera and ballet productions.
- The acoustics of the hall is essentially due to the construction.
- The beautiful chandelier of the opera weighs 8 tons of pure bronze and crystal. In 1896 the chandelier fell on the audience killing one person.
- Since 1982, four hives are installed on the roof of the building. The production of honey is sold in the Opera shop.
The Louvre Museum is the largest in the world
- The total area of the Louvre Museum is of 243000 m2.
- 73000 m2 are dedicated to showrooms.
- There are 14.5 km of halls and corridors.
- There are 2410 windows.
- There are 3000 locks.
- There are 10 000 steps.
- There are 70 elevators.
The largest collection of works in the world
- 460 000 works of art constitute the collections of the Louvre.
- Only 35 000 are exhibited and 2000 lent annually to other museums or institutions around the world.
- To visit the Louvre Museum as a whole, you would need 3 days and 2 nights of non-stop visit … and this, by spending only 10 seconds to each of the works on display.
- The largest painting of the Louvre remains The Wedding Feast at Cana (1563), by the Italian artist Paolo Veronese whose surface reaches 67 m2. It is closely followed by the coronation of Napoleon painted by David with 60 m2 of surface.
- It houses the probably most famous painting in the world: the Mona Lisa
The Louvre is the most visited museum in the world
- With more than 10 million admissions in 2018, the Louvre broke all records and rose to the top of the podium, becoming the most visited museum in the world
- Indeed, in 2018, the Louvre saw a huge spike in visitors thanks largely to Beyoncé and Jay-Z’s “Apesh*t” video, released in June.
Thanks to Beyoncé and Jay-Z, Paris' Louvre Museum Broke Its Visitor Record in 2018
The number of employees at the Louvre
- More than 2100 people work at the museum
- Including 1200 guards, 65 preservatives and 48 firefighters